Historic Bluefields

Farm News

SMALL FARM GIVES SOUND INCOME

A 100-acre Carroll County farm shows that sound planning and proper management will provide a good living for the average-sized family, says Assistant County Agent J. E. Tice, who sites the record of A. G. Greer, Extension-TVA demonstration farmer.

The farm was approved as a demonstration farm in 1941, shortly after it was bought by Greer with a Farm Security tenant purchase loan. At that time, this Negro demonstration farmer had a cow and one heifer; a sow and one meat hog; and a flock of 40 chickens roosting in trees. These numbers have expanded until Greer now has four milk cows, five heifers (three of which will freshen in the spring), and one beef calf; a sow, three meat hogs, and 24 pigs and hogs to be marketed. The poultry flock now numbers 125 excellent layers, in a good poultry house. Practically all farming tools on the place have been replaced since 1941; and three good young mules have succeeded the two old mules formerly used.

The home has not been neglected in this planning and working, Tice points out. All buildings, including a modern dwelling house, poultry, smoke house and barn have been built since Greer became a demonstration farmer. New fencing, too, has enclosed the farm, and fields used for swine pastures. Soil building has been a prominent part of Greer's plan. Since 1941 he has averaged using 10 tons of lime and 3 1/2 tons phosphate per year. Cover crops have been increased, covering all row crop land except five aces corn land which will be seeded to lespedeza in the spring.

This year 750 bales of hay were stored, compared with 140 bales from the same acreage the first year. Eleven acres of cotton in 1941 produced something like 8 bales, while the crop this year from the same acreage has yielded 14 bales. Corn yields have more than doubled.

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